The diagnosis of lupus is not easy because the signs and symptoms vary from individual to individual, and the signs are often misconceived as a different disease or disorder. The symptoms of lupus tend to change from time to time.

Lupus or SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) is a disease with varied manifestations. It ranges from mild skin rashes in specific parts of the body to and internal organ involvement like a kidney inflammation which is known as lupus nephritis. An individual needs to be evaluated in details by a practising rheumatologist to assess the severity of the disease.

There is no definitive or direct test that can diagnose lupus. The combination of blood and urine tests, along with the signs, symptoms and a physical examination findings leads to the diagnosis and then to further treatment plans if confirmed.

No two instances of lupus are actually indistinguishable. Signs and indications may come on out of nowhere or grow gradually, might be mellow or extreme, and might be transitory or perpetual. The vast majority with lupus have something called flares that manifest as rashes and redness on the skin, particularly the face. Signs and indications deteriorate for some time and also improve or even vanish totally for a period, after which it recurs.


The signs and side effects of lupus that you experience will rely upon which body frameworks are influenced by the sickness. The most well-known signs and manifestations include:


A person with lupus may feel extremely exhausted all the time, even if they didn’t take part in activities that would cause them to feel so.


Similar to exhaustion, a feeling of drowsiness tends to affect people with lupus which further disables them to carry on with their activities and feel the urgent need to rest and sleep.

Fevers and chills

Although this is a common occurrence all over the world, it is still a defining symptom for those suffering from lupus. Since lupus affects the autoimmune system, the body continually tries to fight the disease and resorts to a high fever because of the same.

A wide-shaped rash on the face and chin along with rashes all over the body

Rashes on the face are one of the most defining symptoms to diagnose lupus in an individual. Rashes caused by this disease show in the shape of a butterfly and is spread across the face and chin. The rash is generally red and accompanied by a fever.


If rashes and lesions occur when you step out to the sun, that means you are photosensitive. Photosensitivity is another widespread symptom for those who have lupus.

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath occurs because the disease might have spread to the internal organs.

While these are some of the defining symptoms associated with lupus, other general symptoms include:

  1. Eye dryness
  2. Mild to severe chest pain
  3. Headache and tension
  4. Memory loss


While the symptoms of lupus mimic other diseases and disorders, it is essential always to note them down, particularly on the off chance that the symptoms are causing extreme pain that frequently recurs and for a prolonged time. It is essential always to consult a certified medical practitioner if the symptoms tend to persist.